What is Ethmoid Sinusitis?
The sinuses are cavities full of air in the head. You have four groups of them called:
- sphenoid sinuses
- frontal breasts
- maxillary breasts
The ethmoid sinuses are located near the bridge of the nose. Ethmoidal sinusitis.
The sinuses help filter, clean and humidify the inspired air. They also prevent your head from becoming too heavy. Finally, the mucus produced in the sinuses will drain into the nose. Sinusitis occurs when mucus builds up in the sinuses and they become infected. This is usually due to inflammation of the nasal passages and openings of the sinuses. Infections of the upper respiratory tract or allergies can eventually lead to ethmoid sinusitis. Other names for sinusitis include rhinosinusitis.
What are the Causes of Ethmoidal Sinusitis?
Conditions that affect the structure of the sinuses or the flow of nasal secretions can cause sinusitis. The causes of sinusitis include:
- an upper respiratory infection
- a common cold
- a deviated septum, which is when the wall of tissue that separates the nostrils moves to one side or another
- nasal polyps, which are non-cancerous growths in the lining of the paranasal sinuses or nasal passages
- a dental infection
- enlarged adenoids, which are sections of tissue located behind your nasal cavity where your nose meets your throat
- exposure to secondhand smoke
- Trauma to the nose and face.
- Foreign objects in the nose.
Symptoms of Ethmoid Sinusitis:
Because the ethmoid sinuses are near your eyes, you may notice more eye-related symptoms in this type of sinusitis compared to others. You may have pain between the eyes and tenderness when touching the bridge of the nose.
Other Symptoms of Sinusitis Include:
- facial swelling
- runny nose that lasts more than 10 days
- thick nasal secretions
- Postnasal drip, which is the mucus that goes down the back of the throat.
- sinus headaches
- sore throat
- bad breath
- decreased sense of smell and taste
- fatigue or malaise
- ear pain or mild hearing loss
Even if the infection is in the ethmoid sinuses, you may not feel pain in this area.
“Many people with sinusitis feel pain all over their face, regardless of which breast is infected”.
In addition, the frontal and maxillary sinuses drain in the same area as the ethmoid sinuses. If your ethmoid breasts are blocked, the other breasts may also recede.
How is Ethmoidal Sinusitis Diagnosed?
Typically, ethmoid sinusitis can be diagnosed based on your symptoms and an examination of your nasal passages. The doctor will use a special light called an otoscope to look over the nose and ears for evidence of a sinus infection. The doctor can also take your temperature, listen to lung noises and examine your throat. If your doctor notices thick nasal secretions, you may use a swab to take a sample. This sample will be sent to a laboratory to check for evidence of a bacterial infection. The doctor may also order blood tests to check for evidence of infection. Sometimes, doctors will order imaging tests to verify the presence of sinusitis and rule out other potential causes of symptoms. X-rays of the sinuses can help identify any obstruction. A CT scan, which provides much more detail than an x-ray, can also be used to detect blockages, masses, tumors and infections and is the most common.
Treatment of Ethmoidal Sinusitis:
Treatments for ethmoidal sinusitis may require a varied approach ranging from home treatments to surgery in the most serious circumstances.
· Over-the-Counter Treatments:
Over-the-counter pain relievers can help relieve the discomfort of ethmoidal sinusitis. Examples include paracetamol, ibuprofen and acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin). Steroid nasal sprays, such as fluticasone (Flonase), are also short-term solutions for nasal secretion. According to Johns Hopkins Medicine, treatments with decongestants and antihistamines do not usually relieve the symptoms of ethmoid sinusitis. Antihistamines can thicken mucus in the nose, making drainage difficult.
· Home Remedies for Ethmoid Sinusitis:
Some home remedies can also help relieve pain and pressure in the sinuses. These include the application of warm compresses on the face. Inhaling steam in the shower at home can help. You can also boil water in a pan or pot and put a towel over your head while leaning forward to inhale the steam. Just be careful not to get too close to the pan to avoid steam burns. Raising your head when you sleep can also stimulate proper nasal drainage. Staying hydrated, including drinking a lot of water, can help slim the mucus. Irrigation of the nasal passages with water also helps. An easy way to do this is to use a saline nasal spray several times a day. Nasal saline washes, performed on both sides several times a day, are one of the best methods to wash the sinuses, relieve sinus symptoms and maintain nose health.
· Treatments with Medical Prescription:
The doctor may prescribe antibiotics to reduce the amount of bacteria causing infections. These medications may include amoxicillin, augmentine, azithromycin (Zithromax) or erythromycin.
The sinusitis etmoide generally improves with nonsurgical treatments mentioned above. However, if these treatments are not successful, surgery is an option. Sinus surgery may involve the removal of damaged tissue, the widening of the nostrils and the correction of anatomical abnormalities, such as nasal polyps or deviated septum.